On the evening of March 18, President Xi Jinping had a video call with US President Joe Biden at the latter’s request. The two presidents had a frank and in-depth exchange of views on China-US relations, the situation in Ukraine and other issues of common concern.
President Biden said 50 years ago the United States and China made the important choice to issue the Shanghai Communiqué. Fifty years later, US-China relations have again come to a head. How this relationship develops will shape the world of the 21st century. Biden reiterated that the United States is not seeking a new Cold War with China; it does not aim to change the Chinese system; the revitalization of its alliances is not aimed at China; the United States does not support “Taiwan independence”; and he has no intention of seeking conflict with China. The United States is ready to have a frank dialogue and closer cooperation with China, to remain committed to the one-China policy and to effectively manage competition and disagreements to ensure the steady growth of the relationship. President Biden said he is ready to stay in close contact with President Xi to set the direction of US-China relations.
President Xi noted major new developments in the international landscape since their first virtual meeting last November. The current trend towards peace and development faces serious challenges. The world is neither quiet nor stable. As permanent members of the UN Security Council and the world’s two major economies, China and the United States should not only guide their relations on the right track, but also shoulder their share of international responsibilities and work for the world peace and tranquility.
President Xi stressed that he and President Biden share the view that China and the United States should respect each other, coexist in peace and avoid confrontation, and that the two sides should increase communication and dialogue. at all levels and in all areas. President Biden has just reiterated that the United States is not seeking to have a new Cold War with China, to change the Chinese system, or to revitalize alliances against China, and that the United States does not support “the independence of Taiwan” or have no intention of seeking conflict with China. China. “I take these remarks very seriously,” President Xi said.
President Xi pointed out that China-U.S. relations, instead of emerging from the difficult situation created by the previous U.S. administration, have encountered an increasing number of challenges. What should be noted in particular is that some people in the United States sent the wrong signal to the “Taiwan independence” forces. It’s very dangerous. Mishandling the Taiwan issue will have a disruptive impact on bilateral relations. China hopes that the United States will pay due attention to this issue. The direct cause of the current situation in China-US relations is that some people on the US side have not followed through on the important joint agreement reached by the two presidents and have not followed up on the president’s positive statements. Biden. The United States misperceived and miscalculated China’s strategic intent.
President Xi pointed out that there have been and will continue to be differences between China and the United States. What matters is keeping these differences under control. A constantly growing relationship is in the interests of both parties.
The two sides exchanged views on the situation in Ukraine.
President Biden outlined the US position and said he was ready to communicate with China to prevent the situation from escalating.
President Xi stressed that China does not want to see the situation in Ukraine come to this. China is for peace and opposes war. This is rooted in the history and culture of China. China independently reaches a conclusion on the merits of each case. China advocates respect for international law and universally recognized norms governing international relations. China adheres to the Charter of the United Nations and promotes the vision of common, comprehensive, cooperative and sustainable security. These are the main principles underlying China’s approach to the Ukrainian crisis. China has presented a six-point initiative on the humanitarian situation in Ukraine and stands ready to provide additional humanitarian assistance to Ukraine and other affected countries. All parties must jointly support Russia and Ukraine in dialogue and negotiations that will produce results and lead to peace. The United States and NATO should also engage with Russia to address the core of the Ukraine crisis and ease Russian and Ukrainian security concerns.
President Xi pointed out that with the need to fight against COVID-19 on the one hand and protect the economy and people’s livelihood on the other, things are already very difficult for countries in the world. whole world. As leaders of major countries, we need to think about how to properly deal with global hotspot issues and, more importantly, keep in mind global stability and the work and lives of billions of people. Radical and indiscriminate sanctions would only hurt the people. If they worsen further, they could trigger serious crises in the global economy and trade, finance, energy, food, industrial and supply chains, crippling the already languishing global economy and causing irrevocable losses. The more complex the situation, the more it is necessary to keep a cool head and to remain rational. Whatever the circumstances, it always takes political courage to create space for peace and make room for political settlement. As two Chinese sayings say, “It takes two hands to clap”. “Whoever attached the bell to the tiger must remove it.” It is imperative that the parties concerned show political will and find an appropriate settlement taking into account the immediate and long-term needs. Other parties can and should create conditions for this. The absolute priority is to maintain dialogue and negotiation, to avoid civilian casualties, to prevent a humanitarian crisis and to cease hostilities as soon as possible. A lasting solution would be for major countries to respect each other, reject the Cold War mentality, refrain from bloc confrontation and build step by step a balanced, effective and sustainable security architecture for the region and for the world. China has done its best for peace and will continue to play a constructive role.
Both presidents agreed that the video call is constructive. They urged their teams to promptly follow up and take concrete steps to put China-US relations back on the path of stable development and make respective efforts for the proper settlement of the Ukraine crisis.
Ding Xuexiang, Liu He, and Wang Yi attended the roll call.